We have 2 geysers (for other parts in the world it’s called water heaters :-)) in our house and to save some energy (& money), we want to manage when these geysers are switched on.
Typically a geyser will run 24/7 and keep the water heated, even when nobody is home.
So the idea is to put the geysers on a time-schedule for when we’re normally at home, so we only heat the water when we’re going to use it.
To put this in motion, there are a couple of things we need to do:
- Connect the Sonoff switch to the geysers [using a Sonoff Dual, so 1 Sonoff & 2 relays]
- Configure the Switches in Home Assistant
- Configure a flow to ensure the geysers are on at specific times during the week & weekend
Connecting the Sonoff Switch to the Geysers
Geysers tend to draw a lot of power when the element is on and the Sonoff Dual switch is only rated for 16A/10A – which is fine for normal use, but won’t cut it for geyser use.
We need to implement another solution:
– the solution is using a 230V/30Amp relay.
This will allow us to use the Sonoff switch, but the main load will pass through the relay instead of the Sonoff switch.
Now we have to connect the geysers in the distribution box to the Sonoff switch [some rewiring required here]
That’s it !
[P.S. I already configured the Sonoff on the network, so this wiring was all I needed to do]
Connecting the Sonoff Switch to Home Assistant
To make Home Assistant aware of the switch, we need to add some configuration info into the configuration.yaml file.
I added the following lines: (I moved all the switch configs to a separate switches.yaml file)
Configuration.yaml (add these line)
# Put switch config in separate file
switch: !include switches.yaml
Now in the switches.yaml add the config info for the geyser switches:
– platform: mqtt
name: “Bedroom Geyser”
– platform: mqtt
name: “Upstairs Geyser”
As you can see, it uses mqtt (Mosquitto Broker) to communicate with the switches (command_topic & state_topic)
So now these switches will show up in Home Assistant (after a restart of HASS)
OK now we move to the FUN stuff !
Configure the Node-RED Flow in Home Assistant
We decided that for our purposes the following schedule makes sense:
– Weekdays the geysers need to be on in the morning & the evening
– Weekends we will run the geysers most of the day (as we may shower at any time & tend to be around more)
The flow looks like this:
I split the flows into 2 separate ones for possible future changes where the geysers will be on different schedules.
Also, the basic flow is my 1st attempt [put it in place today] – so we may tweak it over time 🙂
Sometimes we may actually select to switch the geysers on when we want – which we can always do from the Home Assistant front-end.
I’m also thinking of adding a flag to state when we have guests staying over, and then disabling the schedule, etc. [future project :-)]
Another thing I also need to do is have a physical over-ride button connected to the Sonoff switch (there are pins available for this) – this will allow me to manually switch the geysers on in the event the Sonoff loses connectivity to the wifi.
Well, this was an eventful couple of days !
Now deciding on to the next bit of automation ! 🙂
Have fun !